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It is a surgical method in the treatment of eye refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism.
Depending on the degree of visual impairment, Through computer-programmed excimer laser beam with a re-shaped transparent cornea of the eye, it is provided on the right focus and clear vision.
In the front surface of the eye (cornea) with femtosecond technology, at one step only a thin lenticule (disc-shaped structure) is generated. The surgeon removes out lenticule created, by an incision of 2.0 mm in the cornea. Any flaps (leaflets) there is no need to cut. Whilst the removal of the formed lenticule in the eye, caused by emerging no refractive error by changing the shape of the cornea, the biomechanics of cornea is affected less than the other laser surgery methods. The strongest cornea biomechanics after laser surgeries is obtained by SMILE-laser method.
LASIK method bases on a principle of opening, in the form of a valve, a thin layer in the surface of cornea by cutting and correcting the eye degrees by excimer-laser on the surface of cornea emerged.
This method is known as “EAGLE EYE” in common. With the help of wavefront analysis, it is obtained more qualified sight both all refractive errors and the others. Wavefront is a personalized treatment method just like one’s fingerprint. Thus sight quality in the dark increases to higher level than the other laser methods. Since each eyes have a characteristic structure what makes wavefront different is being a haute-couture treatment for the person.
It may be applied to the patients whose cornea is too thin to be applied LASIK. Whatever the thinness of the cornea is LASEK method may be applied to the patient which can be applied LASIK in case of will.
The principle is based on to remove the supremest surface of the cornea, epithelium by using alcohol. After removing the epithelium, to correct the refractive errors laser is applied. Later on, epithelium removed before is put in its place. A contact lens may be used after the operation.
PRK / PRK is one of the first applied methods in excimer laser treatment. What makes LASEK different from PRK is putting back the thin layer removed from cornea. No pain is felt during PRK treatment After the operation a contact lens is used. This lens is put till the epithelium is recovered. The recovering duration of epithelium is 4 days. By the end of the 4th day lens can be removed.
PTK / In the cornea that allows the eye to see scratches, marks or spots due to various reasons can be found. This can reduce the sight quality and effects negatively the life standard. By using the excimer laser technology, removal of the scratches, marks and spots can be done successfully. After PTK applied one’s sight will be clear.
Whenever we crop our eyes, eyedrop washes the eye and results a smooth and clear surface. For a püre sight, a certain amount of qualified eyedrop is required. In case not having required amount of qulified eyedrop is called “Dry Eye Syndrome”.
In case not having required amount of qulified eyedrop is called “Dry Eye Syndrome”.
In the threapy of dry eye syndrome, drops, gels and pomads including artificial eyedrop are used. If artificial eyedrop may be used non-contained single use artificial eyedrops should be used.Stoppers: Closing the drain’s hole called Punktum which eyedrop is flowed into nose the quantity of eyedrop may be increased. Stoppers may be temporary, permanent or collagen inside the channel.
The links between the collagen fibers in the cornea is strengthened. Thus, this therapy helps to strengthen the structure of the cornea to the eye almost like a vitamin. Using Ultraviolet A and riboflavin formed in drops increases the bonds between the collagen fibers in the cornea and the cornea is supplied become stronger. For this purpose Ultraviolet A and liquid riboflavin is applied. Riboflavin is dropped on the cornea for a while and later on UV-A is applied to set new crosslinks on the cornea. The aim of crosslinking therapy is to stop the progression of disease.
Corneal ring therapy is known as INTACS (Ring therapy). It’s a sort of therapy developed for keratoconus patients. 2 transparent semicircular-shaped small pieces are inserted into the cornea. These tiny rings causes no complications as well as the operation and are inserted in a very short time since it’s applied laser method, Intralase by opening a tunnel in the eye.
Corneal plantation (keratoplasty) is a surgery in which placing a healthy cornea tissue prepared from a cadaver cut in a proper size by replacing the cornea tissue in a particular circular size cut. Today, it is one of the most operated and highest success rate of tissue transplantation method.
Cataract surgery is a seamless surgey made by laser, phaco surgery (phacoemulsification). By phaco method, intro ocular lens which has lost its transparency is dissolved by ultrasonic waves and placed a foldable IOL.During the operation a specialised liquid viscoelastic gels is used. The only way to treat cataract which is not be able to be treated by glasses or medication is surgical removal of the lens clouded and replacing a new one. A variety of IOLs seen below are to be applied at surgery.
●MONOFOCAL / With single focus lens, patient can see far but to see close (e.g to read book or newspaper) using a glass is required.
●BIFOCAL (MULTI-FOCAL) / With bifocal lens, patient can see both close and far distances without glasses but it s not clear to see the medium distance (40cm to 2mt).
●TRIFOCAL / This solves the problem all. Patients can see close, medium and far distances without using glasses.
Oculoplasty or orbital surgery is the branch of ophtalmology dealing with the eyelids, tear paths and orbital diseases. From eye bag removal to prosthetic eye or from introocular tumor surgery to botox, all therapy and plasttic surgery operations are the topic of oculoplasty and orbital surgery
Eyelid is a much more sensitive area than other tissues in the body. It consists the muscles opening and closing the eyelid, fat tissues, lacrimal gland, skin and supporting tissues. In oculoplasty and orbital surgery, it is necessary to show sensitivity to the protection of the general eye health. It is important to prevent damage to any healthy tissue in all surgical process and to intervene on only where it is necessary.
It is also important that the surgery must be performed by opthalmologists who know eyelid anatomy and principles of plastic surgery and having an oculoplastic surgery training and a high surgical experience.